Defining automation is an important step that you need to accomplish before implementing automation.
How To Define Automation in the Next Normal?
Let’s first examine the definition of automation. As per the Oxford dictionary, automation defines as:
Automation is the use of control systems and machines to reduce human work in a process. Automation is achieved through a variety of mechanisms. These include control systems or computerized mechanical devices.
There are many examples of automation. These including self-checkout machines in supermarkets. It also has self-driving vehicles and automated roads that can be controlled remotely.
Other examples include automatic light switches, automatic doors, etc., where one does not need to press a button. But merely walk through it to activate it.
Automation is also used in factories for manufacturing products with the help of machines. For example, industrial robots are used to place an object in the right place and welder it into a product.
Robots uses for other operations such as painting, glueing, packaging, etc.
Efficiency of Automation
Automation efficiency does measure by how quickly it can complete a task compared to how long it would take a human worker to do it.
For example, a robot can manufacture products quicker than a human worker and is more efficient at doing so. However, when considering the cost of the resources used to make such a robot (money spent on machinery cost) and maintenance cost (also money spent), humans might be cheaper than robots in some cases.
Automation does use in consumer electronics. It includes phones and computers, where one can switch off their phones by pressing one button and start the device by pressing another button.
Some cars today have automatic features. It includes park assist, allowing one to drive into parallel parking spaces without pressing any buttons or taking any manual actions whatsoever while driving.
Defining Automation: Safety of Automation
Safety measures did take when implementing automation. For example, in factories, some sensors detect any human workers in the vicinity of an automated machine that could harm them.
If a person does detect, the automated machine stops working and waits for the worker to clear the area before working again. Similarly, when a person enters a car, it stops moving until the person has stopped driving by pressing the brake pedal.
Another example of a safety measure is automatic shut-offs in mobile phones. If one leaves the phone unattended for a long period without using it, there is a possibility that someone may take it or use it for their purposes. Therefore, mobile phones automatically shut down after some time of non-use to avoid such situations.
Defining Automation: Productivity and Effectiveness of Automation
Automation increases productivity and effectiveness in businesses through reduced costs and increased output. For example, one can manufacture products quickly when using machines rather than humans to perform certain tasks such as welding and glueing objects together. Therefore, you will produce more output in less time with the help of machines than with humans.
When dealing with large corporations, many complex processes need to be completed or handled quickly. For example, when processing customer queries on a website like Amazon, you will need to process thousands of customer requests every hour.
If you have one person handling each query manually, you will not be able to handle all the requests. It happens since you will not be able to complete all the requests within an hour. However, use automation such as chatbots which can answer customer queries quickly and automatically.
You will handle all the customer queries within an hour since chatbots can complete each request in seconds. Chatbots will also be able to handle thousands of requests per hour.
Therefore automation increases efficiency by reducing the time taken per task and increasing productivity. It does it by handling more tasks per hour or day than human workers.